Employment, recruitment, and placement specialists recruit workers into an organization and place those workers within the organization. Recruiters develop and maintain contacts with various communities, often college campuses. They travel and search for potential job applicants, and interview, screen, and test those applicants. They are thoroughly versed in the organization’s practices, and can discuss wages, working conditions, and promotional opportunities with prospective applicants. They also need to be familiar with guidelines and laws such as equal employment opportunity and the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Employment, recruitment, and placement specialists must be able to work well with individuals while working toward the goals of the organization. The field requires a number of different skills. They need to be good communicators, both verbally and in writing. Because of the increasingly diverse work force, they must be comfortable working with people from a broad range of cultural backgrounds. They must be able to reconcile conflicting ideas and points of view and work under high pressure. They must possess a fair-minded, congenial, and persuasive personality.
In 2002, employment, recruitment, and placement specialists earned a median annual salary of $39,410. Earnings ranged from the lowest 10%, who earned less than $24,440, and the highest 10%, who earned more than $73,940. In employment services, the industry employing the most employment, recruitment, and placement specialists, the median annual salary was $34,850.
Training and Education
Educational backgrounds for employment, recruitment, and placement specialists vary greatly. For entry-level positions, employers usually prefer candidates with bachelor’s degrees in human resources, personnel administration, or industrial and labor relations. Some employers prefer candidates with bachelor’s degrees in a technical or business field, while others prefer a well-rounded liberal arts education. College courses leading to a career as a training and development specialist can be found in the departments of business administration, education, instructional technology, organizational development, human services, communication, or public administration. Usually a broad assortment of courses in the social sciences, business, and behavioral science is preferred, although some jobs require a specialized background in engineering, science, finance, or law. For those seeking advancement to top management positions, a master’s degree in human resources, labor relations, or in business administration with a concentration in human resources will be necessary.
In 2002, employment, recruitment, and placement specialists held about 175,000 jobs. About 80% of salaried jobs were in the private sector. 18% were employed by local, State, and Federal government.
Between 2002 and 2012, the number of employment, recruitment, and placement specialists is expected to increase faster than the average. Demand will increase due to legislation that sets standards for occupational safety and health, equal opportunity, wages, health, pensions, and family leave, as well as expansion in international human resources management and human resources information systems. Job growth will be somewhat tempered by the increased use of computers, making workers more and more efficient. Competition will be keen among qualified college graduates and experienced workers.